The Rev. Joshua Bode is a guest blogger for this miniseries on the Reformed Church in America’s (RCA) present work to envision a future for itself in the midst of tension. Josh is an RCA minister who has served a church in upstate New York, been the stated clerk of his classis, and is a former moderator of the RCA General Synod’s Commission on Church Order. He currently serves as a senior pastor in the Protestant Church in Oman, a church the RCA founded as part of its Global Mission.
Part III: Reflections on Options 2 and 3
Options 2 and 3 Are Schism, and Option 2 Is the Worst Possible
I need to explain what I mean by the word “schism.” What I mean does not refer only to separation of church structures, but it does include it. “Schism” is to me a phenomenon on the level of what the philosopher Hegel called “objective spirit.” Whereas “subjective spirit” is the spirit of a subject, objective spirit is the spirit of a system. It is akin to the concept of “the spirit of the age.” Objective spirit is expressed in concrete things like laws, institutions and behavior. It is also expressed in more abstract things like thoughts, beliefs, morality and culture. Objective spirit is an ethos of a group, a way of its being, the thoughts people in it can think, and is expressed among other things in the language and norms that determine and structure its life. Objective spirit determines what meaning is possible, and what can possibly have meaning. Objective spirit determines the thoughts and actions of subjects who live under it. As I understand the terms, ideology is a power of objective spirit, for example.
When I use the word “schism,” I mean it to be a phenomenon of objective spirit. I define schism as whenever Christian people intentionally move away from other Christian people in communion. A schismatic thought or action is any thought or action by one or more Christians the telos of which involves any form of irreconciliation. A thought or action can be said to be schismatic when among its purposes is anything inclusive of irreconciliation. Shism is most objective when Christians intentionally walk away from each other at the literal Lord’s Table (the table of communion), but it is more deeply objective when they disconnect from each other “in spirit” in communion. I take the four responses to anxiety listed above as four examples of schism “in spirit”– a spirit which is objective and very real. If one questions whether it is “real,” consider whether you can feel it when schism so-defined happens: the force is both invisible and objective. As spirit, it moves people and is invoked by people’s moves.
Typically we think of schism as the separation and non-communion of churches as institutions. That is indeed schism in an objective sense, but it is only one species of the genus. When Christian people and groups fail to stay connected in any way, that also is schism in an objective sense. When I offer this understanding of schism, sometimes people say, “But we do that all the time!” My response is, “Yes. And the deeper problem is not the act of schism; the deeper problem is in any ideology that has us naming it anything other than ‘schism.’”
Much more can be said about this understanding of schism theologically, including theological and biblical justification of it. And much can also be said about what comes after we properly identify schismatic thoughts and actions as schism (in brief: it would fall under the rubric “what comes after you confess your sins?”). I will not address those things here. I do believe that the validity of this view can be felt, however, as one considers options 2 and 3 of OV 18-23 as examples. If either option is chosen by the General Synod, every person and every congregation in the RCA will feel it. On my view, both options are properly categorized as schism.
Option 3 is in my view obviously schism in any sense of the term. The only additional trouble with it is its ideological language of “grace-filled.” Aside from the complex problem of whether this sort of a human act can properly be described using the adjective “gracious,” basic cognitive and emotional dissonance is evident on the surface of option 3. Grace may and does come before and after any separation (thank God), but in my view the only power served by describing the act of separation as “grace-filled” is the self-justifying power of modern Protestant ideology I discussed earlier.
Option 2 is the worst option. It is worst for four reasons. First, to the extent that it buys into the frame, “the RCA is in conflict,” it addresses the wrong problem. It would be an action based on, and active within, a false narrative about current reality. It will, however, create another reality that is not false: further cut-off. In other words, option 2 is a self-fulfilling prophecy. It will create the very problem it seeks to ameliorate. The problem lies on the level of objective spirit, or the relational system. People will ‘feel’ and be more disconnected from each other than they presently are. They will not be less related to each other in the [family] system, but they will be stuck in highly anxious cut-off for generations.
The second reason option 2 is the worst option in my view is closely related to the first. If you do not restructure on the basis of what is real in current reality you will create a structure that is not capable of delivering what you intend or hope for, regardless of what it is you intend or hope for. If you intend for various groups in the RCA to become institutionalized into “three or more” (as OV 18-23 envisions) bodies, the future perduring existence of three or more bodies might happen, but it will be an outcome of unforeseen future events and not due to their founding institutionalization. This is true for literally any intended or hoped-for future to the extent that the act of reorganization is based in a false narrative of current reality. The future consequences of actions based in a false narrative of current reality are simply impossible to imagine. That is my point here. If I hazarded a guess as to the likely outcome of option 2, given everything we know about the un-false narrative of Protestant history and current ideology, I would guess that the most likely future for the reconstituted bodies would be further fragmentation. Murray Bowen and others have shown us that systems repeat their objective spirit generation to generation unless intentionally intervened-in.
The third reason option 2 is the worst option is related both to the two reasons just stated and to the better version of option 1 I wrote about above. In my view the trouble in the RCA is not a structural trouble. I have two hypotheses with respect to this. The first is that the current trouble in the RCA is relationship-system trouble and not organization-system trouble. Another way of stating this is that the current trouble in the RCA is on the level of objective spirit, specifically in the forms of disputed theological beliefs and the systemic energy that carries those disputes, not in the form of organizational rules and structures. The second hypothesis is that the RCA’s current structure is capable of containing the relational work that needs to be done, as I described in better version of option 1 above. As I see it, people in the RCA from cut-off echo chambers need to get together. “Radical” restructuring would be further avoidance of that work. In a word, it would be an intervention at an ineffective place in the system. OV 18-23 misidentifies the site of crisis, and seeks to apply leverage at a different site than the real one. Option 2 would create a new and separate crisis.
The fourth reason option 2 is the worst option, and to my mind the worst possible option, is that it would be an act of schism as I defined schism above, only with even more cognitive and emotional dissonance than that of option 3. Option 2 is likely to be described with ideological benign-sounding language like that of, “organizational realignment,” which from a Christian perspective conceals more than it reveals. I take it to be bad enough to do a thing that’s bad. I take it to be worse to disable yourself from thinking it is bad. I take it to be the worst possible thing to tell yourself it is good. That is the power of ideology in its purest expression: it occludes not just what is normative, but what is real.
Mitigating the Damage In Option 2
The only way I could see option 2 being plausible is if the resultant institutional bodies included in their founding impulse the self-requirement to stay in mediation, remain in active dialogue and on a concrete action-path toward eventual reconciliation and re-union. Perhaps temporary reorganization in the institutional system could be a way to “turn down the heat” in the relational system sufficient for reconciliatory work to be done that is presently not being done. But, at least in OV 18-23, that vision is not in view. Nothing temporary about the possible restructuring is suggested. Without temporarity being instituted in the structures themselves, I believe almost no optimistic expectation for resolution is rational. Indeed, frozen irreconciliation appears ‘baked in’ to option 2, as it is envisioned in OV 18-23.
2 thoughts on “Seeing Clear in 2020? (Part III)”
Are there any examples of a systemic model that does not contain a spirit of schism? It seems to me the RCA’s current system can contain the schism, but doesn’t it also have a history which shows the spirit of schism is a constant? The anxiety moves like waves, the schismatic spirit rides along, but is always present. The current system can midigate schism, if invested in, but does not move towards sanctification of a schismatic spirit. Any models that do? Any models of Christian community, that over time, and over generations, create a different, hopefully, more faithful spirit? Note: these questions are not intended to encourage more radical restructuring – enough with the addiction to innovation in the RCA…another impact of anxiety.
I wonder those things too. It does seem that at a couple points in the RCA’s history it came close to uniting with other churches. So there’s also an ecumenical spirit in the RCA (‘s past) that might be a countervailing and simultaneous spirit to that of schism. And there used to be a thing called the ecumenical movement.
Part of what I think I am seeing is that schism appears to be endemic to the Protestant movement. That’s the origin of my impulse to say, “it’s less worse to end the denomination than to schism.” But your question is more optimistic.